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The Role of Islam in Drafting the Constitution

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the role of Islam in the creation of Pakistan, its status in the successive constitutions and the factors/motives behind the process of Islamisation of the legal system, particularly Zia-ul-Haqq's regime (1976-88). Pakistan emerged as an independent Muslim state on the world map on 14 August 1947. Islam played a vital role in its creation. After the creation of Pakistan, the crucial issue was that of preparing the constitution and the status of Islam in the constitution. The Constituent Assembly passed a resolution in 1949 embodying the main principles whereon the future constitution of Pakistan should be based. This resolution is commonly known as the 'Objective Resolution'. Study of the Islamic provisions of different constitutions of Pakistan demonstrates the degree of importance attached to religion in its constitutional system. The constitution provides for the setting up of a Council of Islamic Ideology as in the previous constitutions.

Keywords: constituent assembly; islamic ideology; objective resolution



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