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Law and Humanitarian Actors

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores in greater detail the system of international refugee protection. It describes the funding of the organisations set up to offer refugees protection and assistance, and the behaviour of the central humanitarian UN agencies: UNHCR, UNICEF, World Food Programme (WFP) and Department for Humanitarian Affairs (DHA) and their inseparable partner IOM, along with their counterparts in the non-governmental sector. The chapter presents an examination of the years of sanctions and the deployment of aid agencies in Iraq. It outlines the conditions in post-conflict Iraq with all the as yet unresolved humanitarian factors contained in the present situation and its potential for further refugee generation. In parallel to the refugee crisis in Iraq, the international humanitarian system has undergone an upheaval. The lead UN agency in the 1991 Kurdish refugee crisis was the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Office, then led by its 8th High Commissioner Sadako Ogata.

Keywords: Department for Humanitarian Affairs (DHA); humanitarian system; Iraq; Kurdish refugee crisis; refugee protection; UNHCR; World Food Programme (WFP)



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