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The Carian Alphabet

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Chapter Summary

This chapter first presents the known inventory for each Carian alphabetic variety, together with a succinct commentary on the main characteristics in each case. It addresses the question: what is the origin of the Carian writing system? The new fragment of the sole remaining inscription of Hyllarima, added to the part of the text already known, has allowed to create an almost complete inventory of the letters of the alphabetic variant used in that city. In the case of Hyllarima, Kaunos, or Sinuri-Kildara, for example, there is no doubt that each alphabetic inventory reflects the local writing used in each place; in Kaunos, Kildara and Hyllarima, evidence is given by the place name or the ethnic name. The main characteristic of the Carian alphabets used in Egypt is their homogeneity, which contrasts with the pronounced local differences that can be seen in the alphabetic varieties found in Caria proper.

Keywords: Carian alphabets; Carian writing system; Egypt; Hyllarima; Kaunos; Sinuri-Kildara



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