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Chapter Summary

Classical Caria, the country situated in western Anatolia between Lydia and Lycia, must therefore be the starting point of the research on Carian language. From Greek sources, one knows that Carian and Ionian mercenaries were employed by the pharaoh Psammetichus I for consolidating his throne. The Carian inscriptions found in Caria are far less numerous than those from Egypt, come from different cities, and appear more heterogeneous, both in content and in form, thus constituting a very fragmentary and incomplete view and lacking a clear connection with historical facts. Carian belongs to the Indo-European family of Anatolian languages, which also comprises Hittite, Cuneiform and Hieroglyphic Luwian, Palaic, Lycian, Lydian and lesser known Sidetic and Pisidian. This book intends to show the new look of Carian following the decipherment of the Carian writing system.

Keywords: Anatolian languages; Carian language; Carian writing system; classical Caria; Psammetichus I



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