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Permanent and temporary settlements in the south of the Lower Besor region: Two case studies

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Chapter Summary

The south of the Lower Besor region is located in the semi-arid climatic zone of southern Israel. Arrays of permanent settlements were established in the heart of the Besor region plains during three distinct periods: The Iron Age IB; The Byzantine period; and the turn of the 19th century BCE. The dominant geographic element of the Map of Urim area is a loess-covered plateau: The channel of Naḥal Besor cuts across the length of the western edge of the map and a strip of badlands runs along the eastern bank of the stream. The settlement in the north of the Map of Ze'elim area is located at the edges of the Halutza sand dunes. During the Byzantine period, there was attested human activity in approximately one third of 400 recorded sites in the part of the Halutza sand dunes region that lies within the area of the map.

Keywords: Byzantine period; Iron Age IB; Lower Besor region; Map of Urim; Naḥal Besor cuts; southern Israel



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