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Communal organization and inner communal relations

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Chapter Summary

Throughout the pre-modern times in Iran, the synagogue and its various functions constituted the heart and center of the religious, communal and educational lives among the organized Jewish communities across Iran. This section presents a detailed description of the Old Synagogue in the city of Hamadan in the mid-nineteenth century, as described in the year 1850 by Dr. Abraham de Sola, Chief Rabbi of the Spanish and Portuguese Congregation of Montreal, Canada. It also describes the text of a standard form which was used for the appointment of Nasi (i.e. the head of the Jewish community) in the city of Urumia. Finally, the section discusses the communal agreement signed and issued by the religious leaders of the Jewish community of Sanandaj on 22 of Tevet 5635 (December 30, 1874).

Keywords: communal agreement; Dr. Abraham de Sola; Hamadan; Iran; Jewish communities; Nasi; Old Synagogue; Sanandaj; Urumia



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