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Human Rights-based Approaches to Development

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Chapter Summary

Ethical paradoxes potentially associated with a narrow economic conflict prevention agenda increase when moving into practice. The role of international organizations as intergovernmental or supranational players has been raised in a long debate between various schools in international relations. Three main schools have been at the center of this debate, i.e. a liberal, realist and Marxist school. The liberal model of international organizations became a center for criticism in the late 1970s and 1980s. Marxist theories focused on the socio-economic problems of developing countries, stressing the importance of a New International Economic Order. The application of a human rights-based approach to development and conflict accelerates a common trend today. Ethics join conflict prevention debates by virtue of the potential ethical paradoxes economic strategies host, as well as the present normative restrictions of human rights-based approaches to development.

Keywords: economic paradigm; human rights-based approaches; international organizations; Marxist theories



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