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Early judaism

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the work that has been done on Judaism in the late Second Temple period and in late antiquity down to the closure of the Talmud - that is, roughly from 200 BCE to c. 500 CE. In contrast to Britain, in the world of scholarship outside the United Kingdom the main institutional changes influencing approaches to early Judaism have been the creation of two new academic contexts for such study, namely Jewish studies and religious studies. Academic study of Jewish culture began in nineteenth-century Germany as a form of affirmation of the place of Jews within European culture. The later period of 'early Judaism', from c. 70-500 CE, has concerned classicists less, for the simple reason that too much of the evidence is in Hebrew or Aramaic.

Keywords: early Judaism; Hebrew; late antiquity; late Second Temple period; Talmud; United Kingdom



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