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The Establishment Of Cass And The Process Of Prc State-Building

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author shows how in the Xuebu, the precursor of CASS in the 1950s and 1960s, the social sciences were relevant mainly when they dealt with the political problems in China's socialist development. After 1978, however, the social sciences were assigned an important function in the reforms, and were to serve the goals of the Four Modernizations that pertained to agriculture, industry, national defence, and science and technology. They thereby constituted an important role in the process of socialist state building. The establishment of CASS research departments and the CASS Graduate School, their organizational set-up, research subjects, and the selections of leaders were clearly meant to suit those purposes. After 1949, institutions of social science, such as the Chinese Society of History, the Chinese Society of Economics, and the Chinese Society of Philosophy were organized to assist 'socialist construction' and international exchange.

Keywords: CASS; establishment; Social Sciences; socialist state building; Xuebu



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