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Academic Democracy And Spiritual Pollution (1982–1985)

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Chapter Summary

In early 1982, Deng Liqun and Hu Qiaomu were placed in key positions in the fields of propaganda and culture, reflecting the Party’s resolution to tighten control on ideological matters. At the celebration of Marx’ Centennial in March 1983, Su Shaozhi, who in 1982 had replaced YuGuangyuan as head of the CASS Research Institute of Marxist-Leninist Mao Zedong Thought, argued that Chinese Marxism had become obsolete. In his Party Plenary speech of October 1983, Deng Xiaoping allowed Deng Liqun and his propaganda officials to have their way in dealing strictly with ‘Rightist’ views among Party officials and ‘bourgeois’ trends among intellectuals. Deng Xiaoping officially defined Spiritual Pollution as ‘disseminating all varieties of corrupt and decadent ideologies of the bourgeoisie and other exploiting classes and disseminating distrust towards the socialist and communist cause and to the communist leadership.

Keywords: CASS; Leninist; Mao Zedong Thought; Marxist; spiritual pollution



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