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Mastering Authors And Authorizing Masters In The Long Twelfth Century

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Chapter Summary

The long twelfth century witnessed many, extraordinarily rapid and extensive changes. This chapter looks at the twelfth-century understandings of magister. It explores the relations of masters to authors and authority. The chapter delivers in a few brushstrokes a Forschungsbericht on what work has been done lately on masters in the long twelfth century, from 1075 to 1225, roughly. Then it paints the background of what magister meant in antiquity and the early Middle Ages and what new denotations and connotations it unfolded in the twelfth century. Against this backdrop, the chapter hazards a few ideas about the place the master occupied in the social and intellectual structures of the times, vis-à-vis knights, tradesmen, students, and of course the Church. Finally, it evaluates the effects of writing by masters on the curriculum of texts by authors they interpreted.

Keywords: authority; authors; Forschungsbericht; long twelfth century; magister; masters



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