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The French Vietnam War (19461954)

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Chapter Summary

The far-away French Vietnam war, which was not a major concern for the French at home, ended in 1954. France and Communist Vietnam have since evolved in their own ways. Ho Chi Minh founded the Indochinese Communist Party in 1930. His published programme included the overthrow of 'French imperialism, feudalism and the reactionary Vienamese capitalist class' and complete independence for Indochina. The Sainteny agreements of 6 March 1946 had France 'recognize the Republic of Vietnam as a free State having its government, its parliament and its finances, being part of the Indochinese federation and of the French Union'. The Communist Party started criticizing the government's Indochinese policy in 1947, when it was excluded from the coalition government, and when the Comintern defined, in September 1947, an anti-imperialist strategy. The 1946-1954 war opposed guerrillas against the regular French forces, whose armament superiority was defeated by the more agile Vietminh forces.

Keywords: coalition government; Communist Party; French forces; French Union; French Vietnam war; Ho Chi Minh; Indochina; Sainteny agreements

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