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Vichys Regime, Legislation and Justice

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Chapter Summary

The Vichy regime first established a constitutional framework, the Constitutional Acts, as an authoritarian regime based on the name and initial prestige of one man, Marshall Philippe Pétain, which was completed and reinforced by laws, regulations and decisions. The constitutional law of 10 July 1940 authorized Pétain to issue one or several constitutional acts as a basis for a new Constitution of the French State. The 12 constitutional acts decreed by Pétain were not a basis for a new Constitution, they set up a provisional authoritarian regime. A Vichy law of 23 June 1941 limited the number of student Jews admitted to universities to three per cent. A law of 19 December 1941 further limited their admission. The established churches, Roman Catholic and Protestant, gave allegiance to the Vichy regime as one of their obligations due to any legitimate political power.

Keywords: churches; Constitutional Acts; constitutional law; French State; Jews; Marshall Philippe Pétain; Protestant; Roman Catholic; Vichy regime



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