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The Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals

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Chapter Summary

The Nuremberg and the Tokyo Tribunals were the first international criminal courts set up to judge individuals at the highest levels of government and armed forces for grave violations of international humanitarian law. The Nuremberg trial was to give a civilized, judicial response to the potential uncontrolled outbursts of hate and rage against the perpetrators and their accomplices. Among the four countries which established the Nuremberg Tribunal, France was more a victim than a victor. In an article published in 1947, Donnedieu de Vabres gave a legal assessment of the Nuremberg Trial in relation with the modern principles of international criminal law. The background of the Tokyo trial was different from that of the Nuremberg trial. The Nuremberg and Tokyo precedents served in the creation of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda respectively in 1993 and in 1994.

Keywords: Donnedieu de Vabres; France; international criminal court; international criminal law; international humanitarian law; Nuremberg Trial; Nuremberg Tribunal; Tokyo trial; Tokyo Tribunal



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