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The Genocide in Rwanda

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Chapter Summary

France has been actively involved in Rwanda at least since 1975, by giving political support to the Hutu government, the government who planned and carried out the genocide of the Tutsi and moderate Hutu in 1994, and by providing military training and armament to its forces and militia. Following a summary of the events leading to the genocide and the genocide itself, this chapter describes the creation, statute and achievements of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda set up in 1994. It reviews the creation and findings of a French Parliamentary Mission, in a report submitted in 1998 that essentially rejected any charge of criminal responsibility related to the genocide on the part of the French political and military authorities. The chapter considers the complaints of two Rwandans to a military tribunal in Paris for alleged 'complicity with genocide'.

Keywords: France; French Parliamentary Mission; genocide; Hutu government; military tribunal; militia; Rwanda; Tutsi



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