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The International Criminal Court

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Chapter Summary

On 17 July 1998, the United Nations Diplomatic Conference held in Rome (Italy) established the International Criminal Court (ICC) by adopting its Statute by a vote of 120 in favour to seven against, with 21 abstentions. In 1950, the General Assembly set up a Special Committee to prepare a Draft Statute for an ICC, which produced a text in 1951, revised in 1953. France's position had changed with the election of President Jacques Chirac in 1995, under the pressures of the French military, who feared that the new jurisdiction might indict them for their action in the Former Yugoslavia or during the genocide in Rwanda. The Assembly of States Parties is the governing body of the Court. France signed the Statute on 18 July 1998 and was the twelfth state to ratify it, on 9 June 2000, after the unanimous approval given by the French Parliament.

Keywords: Draft Statute; Former Yugoslavia; French military; General Assembly; genocide; International Criminal Court (ICC); Rome; Rwanda; States Parties



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