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French Democracy and Justice

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Chapter Summary

France is a democracy. Its citizens' fundamental freedoms and human rights are guaranteed by France's Constitution, laws, national justice and the European Court of Human Rights. France has a stable government, accountable to the elected National Assembly. According to article 64 of the French Constitution of 4 October 1958, the judiciary authority is independent. The French Revolution made many victims: in September 1793, 1200 prisoners were murdered in Paris jails, including many priests. France's compliance with international convention that it has ratified has been reviewed by the European Court of Human Rights, and it has been monitored by UN and European committees. On 22 November, Mafart and Prieur were sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment in New Zealand. The French investigation into the Beach massacre was finally annulled on 22 November 2004 by the same Appeals Court in Paris.

Keywords: Appeals Court; democracy; European Court of Human Rights; French Revolution; human rights; National Assembly; national justice; New Zealand; Paris

10.1163/ej.9789004153295.i-378.8
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