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Origins and early development of the institution

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Chapter Summary

This book discusses pious endowments in al-Andalus covering the period between the 9th and 15th centuries. There are also data from the period of the emirate, that is the 8th–9th centuries, though they are very scant and are mostly found in non-legal sources. This chapter analyses those early data on the existence of pious endowments in al-Andalus prior to the caliphate. But first, it seems necessary to set the topic in a more general context and the chapter resorts to two parameters in order to do that. On the one hand, there is the theoretical justification for the existence of this type of property by Islamic ideology through the legal fundaments that sustain it, based on the Qurʾān and the prophetic tradition (Sunna). On the other, there is, from a chronological point of view, the highlights in the development of pious endowments during the first three centuries of Islam.

Keywords: al-Andalus; Islam; pious endowments; prophetic tradition; Qurʾān



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