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The aims of Pious Ahbās

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Chapter Summary

This chapter first focuses on the theoretical definition of ‘pious donation’ in order to determine subsequently the most common aims adopted in al-Andalus. It then discusses instances of illegal donations as a result of the adoption of an aim that ran counter to the principles of Islam according to legal experts. Next, the chapter compiles and studies the scant information available on three of the most recurrent aims: cultural and educational, charitable (poor and sick) and military, to which we should add the donations made to cemeteries. The number of legal questions on these aims is quite small: nine in the case of charitable and military, eight devoted to cemeteries and only five dealing with educational issues. The chapter also studies donations made in favour of mosques which, being by far the best known, require a specific analysis.

Keywords: al-Andalus; cemeteries; charitable donation; Islamic educational institution; military donation; mosques; pious donation



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