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The officials responsible for managing an endowment: Nāzir, Qādī and Sāhib Al-Ahbās

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Chapter Summary

To gauge the importance of the role of management in the institution of Islamic pious endowments we must first consider the problems surrounding the legal ownership of this type of assets. Within the variety of situations involving the individuals responsible for their operation and the multiple ways of managing pious endowments, one of the aspects which is considered in this chapter is the role of the state as exemplified in the activity of the qāḍī. The founder had the right to designate an individual who was to manage his bequest for him; he was to state this when implementing the donation. The manager is usually referred to as nāẓir. A fatwā mentions the nāẓir of a fortress’s endowments (nāẓir aḥbās al-ḥiṣn) and we are aware of the existence of a manager of the aḥbās of Granada’s Nasrid madrasa.

Keywords: aḥbās; Islamic pious endowments; nāẓir; qāḍī



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