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Nicole Oresme’S De Visione Stellarum Latin Critical Edition With English Translation

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Chapter Summary

Plato in the Timaeus, wishing to assign a cause for why sight is present in our eyes, and why God Himself gave an elevated face to man and ordered him to gaze upon the heavens and to raise the face upward towards the constellations, assigned the very cause that Bernard Silvester gives in his poem. Oresme gives much the same explanation found in Witelo and Bacon, while Pecham takes a decidedly different view, postulating that stars twinkle because they reflect solar rays. Much later, Newton echos the explanations of Witelo and Bacon, arguing that stars twinkle due to fluctuations in the atmosphere itself.

Keywords: De Visione Stellarum; Newton; Nicole Oresme



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