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Border Controls

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Chapter Summary

The "Schengen acquis" on border controls was integrated into the European Union legal framework by the Treaty of Amsterdam and ensuing Council Decisions in 1999. The EC institutions have been very active in developing policy on external borders control. A detailed Action Plan agreed by the Council in June 2002 had "five mutually interdependent components" such as a common operations coordination and cooperation mechanism, common integrated risk analysis and burden-sharing between Member States and the Union. Initially, any prospect for practical regular use of the borders manual outside national authorities was obviously hindered by the continuing decision not to publish the Manual, on the grounds that it remained confidential. Essentially, "risk analysis" is another form of "profiling", trying to determine the type of person likely to be an illegal immigrant and the likely methods used to enter the EU.

Keywords: border controls; Schengen acquis; Treaty of Amsterdam

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