Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here


Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

On Monday morning, 23 September 1325, the captain-general of Florence, Ramón de Cardona, led a weary Guelf army down a dusty Tuscan road to the town of Altopascio, some fifteen kilometers to the southeast of Lucca. The twin disasters at Altopascio and Zapolino signaled a turningpoint in the papacy’s twenty-year struggle to restore order to the Italian peninsula. From early in his pontificate, John XXII determined to do whatever was necessary to pacify Italy. The papacy’s principal opponent in Tuscany was Castruccio Castracani, a larger-than-life and supremely gifted man who had risen from early exile and political ruin to become one of the greatest princes of early fourteenth-century Italy. To address the problems that pervaded this central Italian theater, John XXII turned to Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini.

Keywords: Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini; John XXII; MCCXXV; Ramón de Cardona



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1326-1334 — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation