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Alexandria And The LXX

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Chapter Summary

Discussion of the potential relevance of Alexandrian scholarship on Homer to the translation of Isaiah into Greek is based on the reflection of the Ptolemaic milieu demonstrated by Ziegler in his chapter on "der alexandrinisch-ägyptische Hintergrund der Js-LXX", in which he points out the translation's many "Egyptianisms". The examples of Ptolemaic terminology and concepts Ziegler found in the translation was so pervasive as to justify his conclusion that LXX-Isaiah "bietet uns so einen lehrreichen Beitrag für die Kenntnis des griechisch-alexandrinischen Ägypten, weil sie den hebr. Text ihrer Vorlage durch das Medium des Hellenismus umgeformt hat". However, there is reason to conclude that the Alexandrian milieu offered more than just new language and vocabulary for this translation. In order to explore this, this chapter considers what is known of Alexandrian Judaism. Jewish approbation of the educational values of the gymnasion is evident in the Letter of Aristeas.

Keywords: Alexandrian Judaism; gymnasion; Letter of Aristeas; Ptolemaic milieu



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