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Israel'S Oppressors In LXX-Isaiah

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Chapter Summary

The general critique of “contemporization” must yield to exploration of whether the translator infused Isaiah’s images of a tyrant afflicting Israel with allusions to Antiochus IV and prohibition of Torah study and practice during Jerusalem’s Hellenistic crisis of the early second century B.C.E. As a first step, we must note that the translation does reflect the practice, common among Hellenistic rulers, of heavily taxing subjected peoples. This leitmotif, indebted to ideas extrinsic to the translator’s source text, is noticeable in three passages, the first of which is 3:12–15: Having seen evidence of the translator insinuating behavior commonplace among rulers in his day, we must investigate whether his renderings were driven by more than just subliminal influences: whether he deliberately molded the depiction of Israel’s oppressor in Isaiah to the image of Antiochus IV Epiphanes.

Keywords: Antiochus IV Epiphanes; Isaiah; Israel’s oppressor; Jerusalem’s Hellenistic crisis; Lxx-Isaiah; Oppressors; Torah study



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