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Religion and phases of globalization

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Chapter Summary

This chapter defines globalization and examines models of the phases of globalization. It proposes the author’s own model. Conceptions of the chronology of globalization come in cyclical models that give globalization a long history, and linear models that give globalization a short history. Roland Robertson proposed a model of the phases of globalization over time in his pioneering work Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture (1992).The model of the phases of globalization is based upon the author's definition of globalization as increasing extensity of world interdependence and increasing intensity of world consciousness. Thus ‘objective’ interdependence and ‘subjective’ consciousness of the world are the principle criteria used to determine the phases of globalization. The model of phases of globalization describes each phase’s characteristics, and examines aspects of religion which reflect the characteristics of the phase.

Keywords: globalization; religion; Roland Robertson; social theory



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