Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Japan justifies war by the “open door”: 1903 as turning point

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

Numerous public men, the most informed of their day, were surprised by Japan's sudden turn toward a war course in late 1903 and early 1904, noting the more measured and pacific vision that had generally pervaded Japanese policy after the Sino-Japanese war. Japan's increasing use of the "open door" rhetoric, an international principle invoked as a justification for war, must be viewed. This language signalled an open, but unofficial, shift in sympathies as America joined Japan and England in favor of the Open Door and against Russia's unwarranted military occupation of Manchuria. This chapter reviews some of the recent research conducted in Japan that supports this point of view, while also presenting Ogawa Heikichi's role in the propagation of an international law justification for war.

Keywords: America; Anglo-Japanese alliance; Great Britain; Japan; Ogawa Heikichi; Russia; Russo-Japanese war; Sino-Japanese war



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    The Russo-Japanese War in Global Perspective — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation