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The rural world in Italy under spanish rule

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the question of Spanish political economy in sixteenth and seventeenth-century in rural world of Spanish Italy. It follows viceroy Zuñiga’s five-point program of potential problems in their broadest understanding to see how external political practices confronted the internal factors of production: first, how provisioning needs related to population and agricultural production; second, how justice was a question of jurisdiction and its equitable administration; third, how the fiscal resources of the Royal Patrimony consisted of direct and indirect taxes as well as the sale or rental from royal and feudal property; fourth, how the billeting of troops concerned maintaining infantry and cavalry companies and provisioning forts and castles for both public defense and public order; and fifth, how brigandage reflected both economic circumstances for endemic and/or the conjunctural poor and effective political control in countryside to enforce law and order, curtail contraband, control monopolistic speculation, and eliminate vigilanteeism.

Keywords: agricultural production; enforce law and order; Italy; political economy; public defense; Royal Patrimony; rural world; Spanish rule; viceroy Zuñiga



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