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The International System for the Protection of Human Rights

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides basic introductory information about the nature of human rights and the international system for securing their protection. Charter based institutions have been established to hold individuals to account for crimes that constitute violations of human rights, and violations of international humanitarian law. The principal human rights treaties contain provisions on the establishment and functioning of institutions and procedures to oversee their implementation. The Human Rights Committee is established under article 28 of the Covenant, and is composed of 18 human rights experts who, although nominated by the State party of which they are nationals, serve in their personal capacity. The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations that seeks to promote social justice and internationally recognised human and labour rights.

Keywords: Human Rights Committee; human rights policing; human rights protection; International criminal court; international human rights law; International labour organization (ILO); non-treaty instruments; treaty based institutions; treaty based procedures



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