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What Is Meant By The Right To Health?

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Chapter Summary

The right to health should be understood as a right to the enjoyment of a variety of facilities and conditions which the state is responsible for providing as being necessary for the attainment and maintenance of good health. The World Health Organization (WHO) articulated the first specific international health and human rights provisions in the preamble to its Constitution. The main effect of a human rights approach to health is that it re-frames basic health needs as health rights. The principle of progressive realization is articulated in certain human rights treaties, such as International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), in relation to some of the obligations contained in them. Certain state obligations apply irrespective of adverse conditions such as severe shortage of economic resources. These are obligations of immediate effect, and are therefore known as immediate state obligations.

Keywords: economic resources; human rights approach; ICESCR; right to Health; World Health Organization (WHO)



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