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Focus On Non-Discrimination And Vulnerable And Otherwise Disadvantaged Groups

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Chapter Summary

Freedom from discrimination is the key principle in international human rights law. As such, it is central to a human rights approach to health. The obligation to ensure non-discrimination is closely linked to the principle of equity, which implies that states must pay attention to all sectors of the population. Inequity and discrimination often lie at the root of low health status among the poor and otherwise vulnerable and disadvantaged groups. Gender-based discrimination, which is usually against women, is a worldwide cause of ill-health and a widespread cause of violations of the right to health. Patterns of gender discrimination vary widely between countries, societies and cultures, but there is a universal tendency for gender discrimination cumulatively to disadvantage the health status of women and girls.

Keywords: discrimination; non-discrimination; vulnerable; women



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