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Novel men: Masculinity and empire in Mark's gospel and Xenophon's an ephesian tale

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author asserts that valorized male suffering represents a moment of ideological overlap between the gospel genre and the ancient romance as each produce an ambivalent masculine subject as an effect of colonial domination. Roman imperialism represented both the logical conclusion and the paradoxical undoing of the equation of domination and manhood in antiquity. Crucifixion represents the most extreme moment of predicted suffering for both Jesus and Habrocomes, as they are rendered utterly powerless and passive, each condemned to death by the Roman state. Xenophon tells us that "the god" that is the god of Egypt who here displaces the god of Love as the leading providential power "took pity on his prayer".

Keywords: crucifixion; divine domination; Ephesian Tale; god; Mark's gospel; masculinity; prayer; Roman empire; Xenophon



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