Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Pathways between Gandhara and North India during second century B.C.–second century A.D

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

Dynasties that ruled Gandhāra between the second century B.C. and the second century A.D. tried their best to have full administrative control over both ends of the passes that crossed the northern and northwestern border of Gandhāra. The routes that controlled traffic from the Northwest of Pakistan were conditioned by five major factors: military needs or lust for conquest and wealth; trade requirements; periodic ethnic and general migration; natural calamities; and the temptation of the fertile plains of the Panjab and Northern India. Consequent upon these factors, five different types of pathways developed in Gandhāra. These comprised the King’s Highway, military roads, caravan and trade routes, Pawinda routes, and pilgrims’ routes. There have always been three basic directions (routes) for entering the subcontinent from the North and Northwest. Along these directions can be located seven basic routes, each having several sub-routes, byways, and bypasses together with interconnecting lanes and byways.

Keywords: Begram; Gandhāra; North India; Pawinda routes; pilgrims’ routes; Second Century A.D.; Second Century B.C.; Taxila; Uttarāpatha; Valley Routes



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    On the Cusp of an Era — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation