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Acroliths from Bactria and Gandhara

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows that the marble head from Peshawar now in the collection of George Ortis (Vandoeuvres) was originally a part of an acrolithic statue and then to provide examples of acrolithic and pieced images from Greece to Bactria, and then to Gandhāra. The Greeks in Bactria on the one hand perpetuated their traditions in these distant lands, and on the other, made innovations with far-reaching consequences for Indian art, even after the decline of their political power. When East met West, new forms of art were born in Gandhara where Buddhism provided a new market and an opening to new concepts of art. Through these interactions new syncretic arts like the marble Bodhisattva images were born. This statue is therefore an excellent combination of Buddhist iconography and the Hellenistic technique for making monumental sculptures.

Keywords: acroliths; Aï Khanoum; Bactria; Bodhisattva; Gandhāra; marble Bodhisattva image; Paul Bernard; Peshawar; Takal Bala



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