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Kanjur Ashlar and diaper masonry. Two building phases in Taxila of the first century A.D

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Chapter Summary

The square podium with a staircase in front seems to have been introduced in a stage before devotional cult images made their first appearance in Taxila. No positive evidence exists in Sirkap, and in the Dharmarājikā stūpa court, for an association of early carved images with stūpas supported by square podiums faced in kañjūr ashlar masonry. The cult images first came into being along with the early diaper masonry. The Sirkap "early diaper" monuments are thus closely related to the coins issued by Azes II and Kujūla Kadphises, although Dharmarājikā stūpa N7, of "early diaper" masonry, is associated only with Azes II. The coins unearthed in the Apsidal Temple and Sirkap stūpa 1E', all constructed in a early, large variety of diaper masonry, were buried in and after the reign of Kujūla Kadphises, long before a time of "small diaper" masonry in the last quarter of the first century A.D.

Keywords: apsidal building; ASIAR; diaper masonry; first century A.D.; kañjūr ashlar mansory; Kujūla Kadphises; Marshall's stratum II; Sirkap; square podium; taxila



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