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The Mukhtaíar of Al-Khiraqī and its place in the formation of Ḥanbalī legal doctrine

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes al-Khiraqī’s Mukhtaṣar and on the basis of this analysis to argue that, in contrast to a view prevalent among modern historians, Ibn Ḥanbal’s legal opinions constitute a crucial element in the legal doctrine of the Ḥanbalī madhhab. Like other eponymous founders, Ibn Ḥanbal’s authority was recognized by his disciples, but it did not always lead to blind imitation. Among his disciples the author comes across two types of reactions: the first emphasizes their esteem for his decisions and the second approached his legal decisions with respect, but also with a modicum of reservation. The chapter is devoted to examining Ibn Ḥanbal’s masā'il and the manner in which al-Khiraqī worked with them.

Keywords: Ḥanbalī legal doctrine formation; al-Khiraqī’s Mukhtaṣar; Ibn Ḥanbal’s masā'il; madhhab; Masā'il–Mukhtaṣar link



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