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Chapter Summary

This is the conclusion chapter of this book, which focuses on power relations among ‘equals’, Muslim males. ʿAyntab’s Muslim male elite possessed not only substantial wealth but also symbolic resources like reputation, honor and credibility which together translated into formal and informal authority over others in daily life. Legal process was one of the loci where this authority was reflected. The court of ʿAyntab treated equals as equals by allowing status differences among Muslim males to bear on legal decisions. The legal process was open to all social classes and groups, but it was not status-blind. In this regard, at least, Ottoman courts were similar to modern courts. At the same time, the elite’s role as representatives in urban government can be construed to have been based on an ultimately legal conception of authority, velàyet, or the right to make binding decisions about subordinates.

Keywords: ʿAyntab; legal process; Ottoman courts; Ottoman empire; urban typology



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