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An Introduction To ʿAyntāb

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes the city of 'Ayntāb, modern day Gaziantep, stood in a frontier zone that had separated states, civilizations and cultures throughout history. The town of 'Ayntāb was located in a very fertile spot on the southern shore of the river Sacur (Alleben/'Aynü’l-leben), one of the many small rivers of the sub-province (sancak). Land was the primary form of wealth in 'Ayntāb as in most early-modern towns, and agriculture contributed to the town’s economy in multiple ways. The expansion of textile production in 'Ayntāb in the first half of the eighteenth century coincided with a general trend of growth observed in the whole Ottoman economy, but it had a foreign spur as well.

Keywords: 'Ayntāb; administrative layout; demography; ethnicity; non-Muslims; Ottoman empire; urban economy



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