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The Identity Of "The New Covenant In The Land Of Damascus": A New Literary Analysis Of Cd XIX-XX (Part II)

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Chapter Summary

This part of literary analysis of CD XIX-XX elucidates the relationship between XIX,33b-35b, with its important statement about the "new covenant", and the rest of CD XIX-XX. It then identifies the "new covenant" with precision. The part deals with CD VIII,18c-19 (=XIX,32b-33a), which shows how the new stage of material treating of judgment within the community has been added to the original admonition. It is noted that there is a pattern of relationships between VIII, 18c-19/XIX,32b-33a and XX,8b-10a. The part suggests that the term "new covenant" in CD and 1QpHab 11,3 does not refer to the Qumran community but to its parent movement. Davies has argued that the phrase "and that is the new covenant" in CD XX,12 is a gloss from the Qumran community. The original (pre-Teacher) condemnation ofXX,11-12 was against "those who rejected the covenant that they established in the land of Damascus".

Keywords: Damascus covenant; literary analysis; parent movement; Qumran community



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