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The Identity Of "The New Covenant In The Land Ofdamascus": A New Literary Analysis Of Cd XIX-XX (Part I)

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Chapter Summary

The term "the new covenant in the land of Damascus" appears three times in the Damascus Document. It is often simply assumed that "the new covenant in the land of Damascus" is equated with the Qumran community. This chapter presents a literary-critical study of CD XIX, 1-32a. It focuses on two crucial passages in particular: (l) the Isaiah-Amos-Numbers midrash in the A text (VII, 10-VIII,1a) with the Zechariah-Ezekiel midrash in the B text (XIX,7-13b), and particularly the relationship between the A and B texts; and (2) the so-called "Princes of Judah" passage in XIX, 15b-25a (=VIII,3b-12). The Isaiah midrash (=VII,10-13b) most likely ended in the common source with "were delivered up to the sword". The words in VII,13c-14a, "but those who remained steadfast escaped to the land of the north", already presuppose the Amos-Numbers midrash and belong to it.

Keywords: Damascus Document; Isaiah-Amos-Numbers midrash; land of Damascus; new covenant; Princes of Judah; Qumran community; Zechariah-Ezekiel midrash



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