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Cd III,17b-IV,12a And The Origins Of The Qumran Community

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a careful literary-critical analysis of CD III, 17b-IV, 12a, which confirms the results of our preceding literary, historical, and theological studies of the DSS. The Qumran community traced its ultimate origins, via the Damascus covenant, hack to the remnant of the exile, but it attributed its particular formation to an act of divine favor at a later time, through which it also came to a deeper awareness of the problem of sin outside of the yaḥad. Therefore it could speak of itself (1) as having arisen from the remnant of the exile; (2) as having been "defiled" by human sins; and (3) as having been forgiven by God. The last of these happened when God formed the community itself, in which alone atonement is available.

Keywords: Damascus covenant; exile; God; human sins; literary studies; Qumran Community; theological studies



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