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Summary And Concluding Observations

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Chapter Summary

The "new covenant in the land of Damascus" was the parent movement of the Qumran community. The "new covenant in the land of Damascus" stands very close theologically to the groups known as the "children of the exile" or the "remnant of the people" in Ezra and Nehemiah. The latter two groups consisted of those who returned to Judah from the exile and their descendants, who, on the basis of the prophetic and Deuteronomistic preaching, considered themselves to be the true remnant of the people of Israel and the nucleus of the future, restored Israel. In order to help the reader understand how to correlate the literary evidence with the histories of the Damascus covenant and of the Qumran community, the author presents a table of a "literary stratigraphy" of CD, IQS, IQH, and MMT, showing approximate dates for these documents or for their constituent parts.

Keywords: Essenes; Ezra; Israel; land of Damascus; Nehemiah; new covenant; Qumran community



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