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Religion in Post-World War II Japan and social ageing

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Chapter Summary

After World War II, Japanese society greatly changed its social system, including its politics and economy. It was not only politics and the economy that changed: the Japanese people's way of life and religiosity were also transformed. When discussing religious population, there is one particularly well known figure: 200 million. The current Japanese population is around 120 million, so the religious population is 1.7 times that. This figure is sometimes used intentionally as a means to argue that cults are a threat, in claims such as "200 million people are believers of cults". The number of believers given by the Association of Shinto Shrines is 96,622,992, which accounts for 45.2 per cent of the number of believers in Japan. The baby boomers who were born and received their education after the war are recognized as having one particular characteristic as a group.

Keywords: Baby-Boomers; Japanese society; religious groups; Shinto Shrine



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