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“Induced” voluntarism: A new role for schools?

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses an implication of the ongoing government-sponsored "induced" volunteerism in Japan society. It focuses on the role of the school in developing a coercive sense of volunteerism. The chapter explores key questions such as what are the ways in which states seek to shape their relations with their populations, and how effective are those policies likely to be? What are students experiencing and how do they feel about what they are doing or are forced to do. The data the chapter cites were collected during 22 months of fieldwork in downtown Tokyo from September 2001 through 2003, followed by additional research in summer 2004. The current policy developments relating to hōshi [volunteer mobilization] programmes have significant meaning in contemporary Japanese society, which is facing a huge demographic change: ageing.

Keywords: "induced" volunteerism; ageing society; hōshi programme; Japanese school system



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