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Family policy: Framework and challenges

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Chapter Summary

Family support policies are typically categorized according to the nature and level of social rights and services available, such as paid child-care leave, child-care services, family and child allowances, tax policies, and early-childhood education. This chapter examines the development of Japanese family policies and considers various challenges to program success and further development of family policies. Japanese family policies have developed through three successive five year plans: the Angel Plan, New Angel Plan, and the Children and Childrearing Support Plan. The Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW)'s guidance for company action plans includes suggestions based on the Plus One Plan to promote work-family balance, family-friendly corporate work styles, and measures for the community such as barrier-free facilities and internships for young people to foster their steady employment and self-sufficiency.

Keywords: angel plan; childrearing support plan; Japanese family policies; MHLW; new angel plan



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