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Demographic comparisons with other countries with the emphasis on the more developed regions

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Chapter Summary

The population decline and shrinking population size in Japan and other more developed countries predicted to take place through the twenty-first century are challenges to their survival and economic growth. In the absence of any recent success in encouraging the recovery of fertility in some of the industrialized countries, many scholars and policy makers inevitably come to think of international migration as an alternative solution to prevent further population decline. This chapter provides a rough outline of the past and current demographic situations of various countries with particular emphasis on the more developed regions. To an extent the world is becoming homogenous, that is to say, the glaring demographic disparities that once existed between the more developed and less developed regions are now being reduced: fertility, mortality, and age structure are converging among the regions and countries of the world.

Keywords: demographic disparities; fertility; international migration; mortality; population decline; population size



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