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Ageing society and the transformation of work in the post-fordist economy

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Chapter Summary

The "aged dependency ratio" is a common measure for gauging the burden of the "dependent" population in an ageing society. It is a number of actively working population divided by the number of "aged dependents" in the population. In the 21st century, industrialized countries are shifting to a new logic of the post- Fordist economy. It is more appropriate to address the issue of ageing societies in the context of the transformation in the productive capacity of the post-Fordist economy. Sociologists use the "Fordist" and "post-Fordist" distinction to discuss the societal transformation of modern industrial economies. The issue of demographic dilemma is intertwined with women's postponement of marriage, which contributed to a fertility rate of 1.29 babies per woman in 2006. Japanese women rationally calculate their future success in work and family in their embeddedness in institutional and cultural norms.

Keywords: ageing society; fertility; Japanese women; post-fordist economy



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