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Organisational health in the police: A 3-r approach

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Chapter Summary

The ‘3-R’ approach of Organisational Health Management is Singapore Police Force’s (SPF) response to the need for a conceptual support framework. These three ‘Rs’ are ‘Risk Reduction’, ‘Re-interpretative Response’ and ‘Restoration to Normalcy'. The ‘3-R’ approach has been structured along the lines of the three-pronged prevention framework: that is, ‘Primary’, ‘Secondary’ and ‘Tertiary’ prevention. A common risk-reduction strategy employed by many police organisations to reduce ‘person-to-organisation’ misfit is pre-employment assessment. The SPF has also been using psychological assessments to enhance ‘person-to-job’ fit and make ‘placement’ decisions. An ‘organisation stress-diagnostic’ tool employed regularly by the SPF is the ‘Organisational Health Survey’ (OHS), which has been used on three occasions since 1997 in the SPF. A ‘critical incident’ is ‘any event which has a stressful impact sufficient to overwhelm the usual coping skills of either an individual or a group.

Keywords: 3-R approach; organisation stress-diagnostic tool; Organisational Health Survey (OHS); risk-reduction strategy; Singapore Police Force’s (SPF) response

10.1163/ej.9789004154803.i-262.55
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