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Justinian’S Institutes

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Chapter Summary

The Turin Institutes had glosses in sixteen different hands, by Krüger’s estimate, some as late as the fourteenth or fifteenth centuries; Victor Crescenzi arrived at a similar estimate of about 15 hands ranging from the late eleventh to thirteenth centuries for Poppi 206; and Alberto Alberti discerned five hands in the Sessoriano manuscript previously owned by the monastery of Casamari. Despite such problems, two Institutes manuscripts are considered. This chapter considers Cologne ms. 328, which apparently preserves glosses from the earliest period when Roman law was studied as a subject independent of Lombard law. It considers each manuscript in turn. The other principal source for early study of Justinian’s Institutes is Cologne, Historisches Archiv ms. W 328, whose glosses were published by both Conrat and Fitting. It is therefore significantly older than the Cologne manuscript itself and can be attributed with confidence to the period of the Walcausina and Expositio.

Keywords: Cologne manuscript; Expositio; Justinian’s institutes; Lombard law; Roman law; Turin institutes; Walcausina



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