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Justinian’S Digest

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reviews the classic problems concerning the text of the Digest-the mixed heritage of the medieval tradition and the tri-partite division of Digest manuscripts. As early as the twelfth century, scholars of Roman law were aware of the divergences between their own manuscripts and the Pisana, whose authority they recognized by referring to it as the Authenticum pandectarum and whose readings they sometimes noted in their glosses. The chapter considers the evidence for the circulation of the Digest during the eleventh century, and the editorial or “philological” work applied to the Digest at this time. Finally, and pulling all of these elements together, the chapter also considers the earliest manuscripts in the vulgate tradition, with special attention to the earliest of them all, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Vat. lat. 1406.

Keywords: Authenticum pandectarum; Digest manuscripts; Justinian’s Digest; Roman law; vulgate tradition



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